The Big Bang

The classical cosmogonic model suggest that time, space, energy and matter have been created at the same moment. Before this instant, time, space, energy and matter did not exist. I do not agree with this model. Mathematical speculations about the first instants are not credible because this process goes against the laws of thermodynamics especially the Lavoisier's principle: "Nothing is created, nothing is lost, everything is transformed".

I propose an other cosmogony at the light of the theory of bubbles. I suggest that space and time are unlimited and that energy of the matter and the antimatter comes from the energy of the space/time. Progressively, energy of the space/time is transformed in particles. A exceptional quantity of these particles have been collected in a precise zone but not a singularity. The matter has meet the antimatter and allows the appearance of a very large quantity of energy. This energy allows the formation of new particles but only of matter. The antimatter has been transformed in energy and in matter but it can remain some particles of antimatter.

Copyright Benoit Prieur
Copyright Benoit Prieur
Copyright Benoit Prieur

1) Before the Big Crunch:

Space is empty but particles can appear by mutation of energy of space in energy of matter. It is a transformation but not a creation. Primordial particles could be pair of neutrino and antineutrino or other neutral kind of particles.

2) During the Big Crunch

Particles of matter and antimatter are regrouped on the effect of universal gravitation.

It such is the phase of accrétion 
of primordial particles.

3) Just before the Big Bang

Matter annihilates antimatter.

"Big Bang" begins ....

But it is possible that the annihilation concerns only a little part of primordial particles.

Copyright Benoit Prieur
Copyright Benoit Prieur
Copyright Benoit Prieur

4) During the Big Bang

Annihilation energy is transformed in high energy matter and antimatter. A little excess of matter allows the conversion of all of the energy into the matter.


5) During the Big Bang

Bubbles are formed from this energy and allow the creation 
of neutrons. 


6) After the Big Bang

Neutrons can stay alone or form dimer, trimer, tetramer or more. Isolated neutrons evolve quit
fast to protons. Dimer and trimer are also not stable. May be tetramers or polymers of neutrons are more stable... 

Matter expands in the universe.


Copyright : Benoît PRIEUR; Contact: bubblestheory at